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Q1 Plans Chapter 3 Page 3-16


Flat Layup

The first practice layup that you will make is a layup of six BID plies onto a flat surface. This is inteneded to give you experience in the techniques of glass/epoxy work and to give you a check on your workmanship. You should be able to complete this layup in about half an hour.

Protect your work bench by taping waxed paper over an area about 24” by 24”, (or find a piece of metal and wax its surface). This will keep the epoxy from bonding to the table top. Cut six plies of BID that are about 12-1/2 inches by 18 inches.

Quickie Cut BID fiberglass

Laminate the six plies on top of the waxed paper. Try to do your best job of stippling and squeegeeing so that the plies are completely wetted but not full of excess epoxy. Let the layup cure to knife trim, about four hours. Carefully mark a 10-in by 16-in rectangle and knife trim the layup to that size using a sharp razor blade or trim knife. Allow the layup to cure completely. If you forget the knife trim, cut the cured piece with a coping saw or band saw.

Take the cured 10”x16" piece to your post office, or any accurate scale, and ask them to weigh it for you. Your laminate should weigh between 10-1/2 and 12-1/2 ounces. A 10-1/2 ounce layup is about as light as can be done without voids (white areas). A 12-1/2 ounce layup has too much resin, and if you make all of the layups in the airplane this wet, your Quickie may be as much as 30 pounds over weight. An 11-ounce layup is just about perfect. Save this piece; it will be useful material later on.

Confidence Layup

The second practice layup is one intended to give you confidence in the strength of your work. This layup is a sample of composite sandwich structure and is typical of the load carrying structures in your Quickie. When this layup is finished and completely cured, you will subject it to a simple load test and thus demonstrate the strength of your workmanship.

First, tape a piece of waxed paper about 30 inches long to the top of your work table. Shape a piece of green foam as shown.

Quickie Foam for Confidence Layup

Go to your glass cutting area and cut the glass plies shown.

Quickie UNI for Confidence Layup

Lay up two plies of UND, two plies of BID, paint the foam with micro slurry and press it in the center. Then lay up the other BID and UND plies.

Quickie Schedule for Confidence Layup

Be careful to work all air bubbles out of the corners. The best way is to stipple with the brush. The glass is oversized so that it can be trimmed to exact dimensions later. Trim to the dimensions shown after curing 24 hours. Using a coping saw or band saw.

Quickie Dimensions for Confidence Layup

Allow the piece to cure for four days at room temperature before the load test.

Now for the test: lay a broom handle or piece of tubing on the work bench and try to break the sample by putting all of your weight on the ends. A 200 pounder will stress the sample more than any part of your airplane is stressed at 10 g’s

Quickie Confidence Layup Testing

Book End

The last practice part that you will make before startirg on your airplane is a book end. It takes three layups to make the book end and involves most of the operations that you will need to learn, to build your airplane.

Quickie Book End

Cut the 3 blocks of green urethane foam (2 lb/ft3) as shown.

Quickie Book End Foam Dimensions

Nail them together.

Quickie Book End Foam Joined

Q1 Plans Chapter 3 Page 3-17

Cut three plies of BID as shown.

Quickie Book Ends

Mix 4 oz of RAEF epoxy using about 1 oz, make a small batch of micro slurry and coat the foam as shown. Make dry micro from the leftover slurry and make a small radius with it as shown.

Quickie Micro Radius

Lay up the first ply of BID as shown. Using plain epoxy (no micro) lay up the other two plies and allow to cure. Note how the 45° fiber orientation allows the glass to lay down completely into the small radius.

Quickie 45° Glass Orientation

Knife trim along the foam edges. After the first layup has cured and the edges have been trimmed, the thicker foam block is carved and contoured as shown.

Quickie Carve Foam

Put a generous radius on the foam edges and sand the 1/4” wide glass edges dull for glass to glass bond. Use your wire brush to rough out a depression in the middle of the block.

Finish smoothing the depression by rubbing it with a scrap of green foam. Radius the cornere of the depression. Blow or brush all of the foam dust off the surfaces.

Quickie Foam Radius

Cut three plies of BID as shown.

Quickie Book Ends

Mix RAEF, make a small batch of slurry and save the remaining epoxy. Slurry the foam surface and apply two plies of BID to the contoured surface. Start the layup in the center and work out toward the edges. If you have trouble getting the glass into the depression corners without bubbles, lift the plies and wipe in a little dry micro. You will then find that it will lay smoothly in without voids (see sketch). This depression is sharper than any in your airplane and is intended to give you a feeling of how sharply you can form the cloth.

Quickie Micro Wipe

Before laying the third BID ply down, place your favorite photo in the depression, and then lay the third BID ply over it. Scissor trim the excess glass cloth. Allow to cure and knife trim the edges.

Quickie Favorite Photo

The lower edge is trimmed flush with the bottom of the foam block.

Wait until the second layup is fully cured. Remove the 1 in. foam block with a butcher knife and sanding block, Remove foam for a 1/4” flox corner and sand the glass surface dull.

Quickie Trim Bottom of Book End